Picking the Perfect Day Trip from Frankfurt or Stuttgart – the Town of Speyer – One of the oldest cities in Germany
Speyer is located about 20 minutes south of where we live in Ludwigshafen, and was settled about 5000 years ago by early nomadic tribes. In about 10 BC, Speyer became a settlement as part of the Roman Empire. As with this part of Germany, the Rhineland-Palatinate area has been settled numerous times between the Romans, Germans, French, Swedes, Spanish, and eventually back to the Germans. This region of Germany also saw turmoil between the Catholics & Protestants during the Thirty Years War in the mid 1600s.
The result of all this historic turmoil created this beautiful city which is an easy day trip from Mannheim, especially if visit here first before heading over to Heidelberg.
Total length: 134 m (444 feet) (from the steps at the entrance to the exterior wall)
External width of the nave (with aisles): 37.62 m (122 feet) (from exterior wall to exterior wall)
Height of the eastern spires: 71.20 m (232 feet)
Height of the western spires: 65.60 m (217 feet)
Speyer was also home to one of the most important Jewish communities in Middle Ages in northern Europe. Bishop Hutzmann and Salic emperor Henry IV encouraged Jewish refugees from Mainz to the Jewish community. This community existed until the beginning of the 16th century. The exact time and circumstances of the destruction are unknown. The Jewish courtyard was the central area of the Jewish quarter in Speyer and consisted of the synagogues for men and women as well as the Jewish Bath for ritual washing.
View of the downstairs of the bath. The first documented mention of this was in 1126 and its subterranean components have been nearly unmodified for centuries.
The main street of Speyer has beautifully decorated buildings of shops and cafes that get very busy on Saturday afternoons.